Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire

Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire
Fairbank‚ Couper‚ Davies‚ and O’Brien‚ 1980
پرسشنامه ناتوانی درد پایین کمر اسوستری
Section 1—Pain Intensity
·         I have no pain at the moment.
·         The pain is very mild at the moment.
·         The pain is moderate at the moment.
·         The pain is fairly severe at the moment.
·         The pain is very severe at the moment.
·         The pain is the worst imaginable at the moment.
Section 2—Personal Care (washing‚ dressing‚ etc.)
·         I can look after myself normally without causing extra pain.
·         I can look after myself normally but it is very painful.
·         It is painful to look after myself and I am slow and careful.
·         I need some help but manage most of my personal care.
·         I need help every day in most aspects of self care.
·         I do not get dressed‚ wash with difficulty and stay in bed.
Section 3—Lifting
·         I can lift heavy weights without extra pain.
·         I can lift heavy weights but it gives extra pain.
·         Pain prevents me from lifting heavy weights off the floor but I can manage if they are conveniently positioned‚ e.g. on a table.
·         Pain prevents me from lifting heavy weights but I can manage light to medium weights if they are conveniently positioned.
·         I can lift only very light weights.
·         I cannot lift or carry anything at all.
Section 4—Walking
·         Pain does not prevent me walking any distance.
·         Pain prevents me walking more than 1 mile.
·         Pain prevents me walking more than 1/4 mile.
·         Pain prevents me walking more than 100 yards.
·         I can only walk using a stick or crutches.
·         I am in bed most of the time and have to crawl to the toilet.
Section 5—Sitting
·         I can sit in any chair as long as I like.
·         I can sit in my favorite chair as long as I like.
·         Pain prevents me from sitting for more than 1 hour.
·         Pain prevents me from sitting for more than 1/2 hour.
·         Pain prevents me from sitting for more than 10 minutes.
·         Pain prevents me from sitting at all.
Section 6—Standing
·         I can stand as long as I want without extra pain.
·         I can stand as long as I want but it gives me extra pain.
·         Pain prevents me from standing for more than 1 hour.
·         Pain prevents me from standing for more than 1/2 hour.
·         Pain prevents me from standing for more than 10 minutes.
·         Pain prevents me from standing at all.
Section 7—Sleeping
·         My sleep is never disturbed by pain.
·         My sleep is occasionally disturbed by pain.
·         Because of pain I have less than 6 hours sleep.
·         Because of pain I have less than 4 hours sleep.
·         Because of pain I have less than 2 hours sleep.
·         Pain prevents me from sleeping at all.
Section 8—Sex Life (if applicable)
·         My sex life is normal and causes no extra pain.
·         My sex life is normal but causes some extra pain.
·         My sex life is nearly normal but is very painful.
·         My sex life is severely restricted by pain.
·         My sex life is nearly absent because of pain.
·         Pain prevents any sex life at all.
Section 9—Social Life
·         My social life is normal and causes me no extra pain.
·         My social life is normal but increases the degree of pain.
·         Pain has no significant effect on my social life apart from limiting my more energetic interests‚ e.g. sport‚ etc.
·         Pain has restricted my social life and I do not go out as often.
·         Pain has restricted social life to my home.
·         I have no social life because of pain.
Section 10—Traveling
·         I can travel anywhere without pain.
·         I can travel anywhere but it gives extra pain.
·         Pain is bad but I manage journeys over two hours.
·         Pain restricts me to journeys of less than one hour.
·         Pain restricts me to short necessary journeys under 30 minutes.
·         Pain prevents me from traveling except to receive treatment.
شرح سایت روان سنجی: این پرسشنامه نشان می دهد که تا چه اندازه سطح عملکرد یک فرد به دلیل درد پشت (کمر) یا ساق ها محدود شده است. نخستین بخش به شدت درد و بقیه به تاثیر درد بر عملکردهای روزانه چون، مراقبت های شخصی، بلند کردن، راه رفتن، نشستن، ایستادن، خواب، زندگی جنسی، زندکی اجتماعی و سفر اختصاص دارد.
اعتبار: بازآزمایی بر 22 بیمار کمر درد دو بار در 24 ساعت 0.99، پس از 4 روز 0.91 و پس از 21 روز 0.83 هماهنگی درونی آلفا کرونباخ 0.71 تا 0.87
نمره گذاری: گزینه ها از 0 تا 5 نمره دارد.
·         0 to 20: Minimal disability
·         21–40: Moderate Disability
·         41–60: Severe Disability
·         61–80: Crippling back pain
·         81–100: These patients are either bed-bound or have an exaggeration of their symptoms.
چگونگی دستیابی
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Fairbank‚ J.C.T.‚ Couper‚ J.‚ Davies‚ J.B‚ O'Brien‚ J.P. (1980). The Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire. Physiotherapy‚ 66(8):271–273.
Baker‚ D.J.‚ Pynsent‚ P.B.‚ Fairbank‚ J.C.T. The Oswestry Disability Index revisited: its reliability‚ repeatability and validity‚ and a comparison with the St. Thomas’s Disability Index. In: Roland MO‚ Jenner JR‚ eds. Back pain: new approaches to rehabilitation and education. Manchester: Manchester University Press‚ 1989:174–186.
Fairbank‚ J.C.T.‚ Pynsent‚ P.B. (2000). The Oswestry Disability Index. Spine‚ 25(22):2940-2953.
Fritz‚ J.M.‚ Irrgang‚ J.J. (2001). A comparison of a modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale. Phys Ther‚ 81:776–788.
Torenbeek‚ M.‚ Caulfield‚ B.‚ Garrett‚ M.‚ et al. (2001). Current use of outcome measures for stroke and low back pain rehabilitation in five European countries: first results of the ACROSS project. Int J Rehabil Res‚ 24:95–101.
McDowell‚ Ian. (2006). Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires‚ Third Edition. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS