Taylor`s Manifest Anxiety Scale

Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS)
Janet Taylor‚ (1953)
مقیاس اضطراب آشکار تیلور
نسخه 38 گویه ای
1. I do not tire quickly                 
2. I believe I am no more nervous than others             
3. I have very few headaches                 
4. I work under a great deal of tension              
5. I frequently notice my hand shakes when I try do something          
6. I blush no more often than others                 
7. I have diarrhea one a month or more            
8. I worry quite a bit over possible misfortunes            
9. I practically never blush           
10. I am often afraid that I am going to blush              
11. My hands and feet are usually warm enough           
12. I sweat very easily even on cool days          
13. Sometimes when embarrassed‚ I break out in a sweat                 
14. I hardly ever notice my heart pounding‚ and I am seldom short of breath          
15. I feel hungry almost all of the time              
16. I am very seldom troubled by constipation             
17. I have a great deal of stomach trouble                  
18. I have had periods in which I lost sleep over worry           
19. I am easily embarrassed                  
20. I am more sensitive than most other people           
21. I frequently find myself worrying about something             
22. I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be              
23. I am usually calm and not easily upset         
24. I feel anxiety about something or someone almost all of the time           
25. I am happy most of the time            
26. It makes me nervous to have to wait          
27. Sometimes I become so excited I find it hard to get to sleep                  
28. I have sometimes felt that difficulties piling up so high I couldn't get over them            
29. I admit I have felt worried beyond reason over small things          
30. I have very few fears compared to my friends                  
31. I certainly feel useless at times          
32. I find it hard to keep my mind on a task or job                 
33. I am usually self-conscious               
34. I am inclined to take things hard                 
35. At times I think I am no good at all             
36. I am certainly lacking in self-confidence                  
37. I sometimes feel that I am about to go to pieces             
38. I am entirely self-confident
نسخه 50 گویه ای
1. I do not tire quickly
2. I am often sick to my stomach. [I am troubled by attacks of nausea.]
3. I am about as nervous as other people. [I believe I am no more nervous than most others.]
4. I have very few headaches.
5. I work under a great deal of strain. [I work under a great deal of tension.]
6. I cannot keep my mind on one thing.
7. I worry over money and business.
8. I frequently notice my hands shake when I try to do something.
9. I blush as often as others.
10. I have diarrhea ("the runs") once a month or more.
11. I worry quite a bit over possible troubles. [I worry quite a bit over possible misfortunes.]
12. I practically never blush.
13. I am often afraid that I am going to blush.
14. I have nightmares every few nights.
15. My hands and feet are usually warm enough.
16. I sweat very easily even on cool days.
17. When embarrassed I often break out in a sweat which is very annoying. [Sometimes when embarrassed‚ I break out in a sweat which annoys me greatly.]
18. I do not often notice my heart pounding and I am seldom short of breath. [I hardly ever notice my heart pounding and I am seldom short of breath.]
19. I feel hungry most of the time.
20. Often my bowels don't move for several days at a time. [I am very seldom troubled by constipation.]
21. I have a great deal of stomach trouble.
22. At times I lose sleep over worry. [I have had periods in which I lost sleep over worry.]
23. My sleep is restless and disturbed. [My sleep is fitful and disturbed.]
24. I often dream about things I don't like to tell other people. [I dream frequently about things that are best kept to myself.]
25. I am easily embarrassed.
26. My feelings are hurt easier than most people. [I am more sensitive than other people.]
27. I often find myself worrying about something.[ I frequently find myself worrying about something.]
28. I wish I could be as happy as others. [I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be.]
29. I am usually calm and not easily upset.
30. I cry easily.
31. I feel anxious about something or someone almost all of the time.
32. I am happy most of the time.
33. It makes me nervous to have to wait.
34. At times I am so restless that I cannot sit in a chair for very long. [I have periods of such great restlessness that I cannot sit long in a chair.]
35. Sometimes I become so excited that I find it hard to get to sleep. [Sometimes I become so excited that I find it hard to get sleep.]
36. I have often felt that I faced so many difficulties I could not overcome them. [I have sometimes felt that difficulties were piling so high that I could not overcome them.]
37. At times I have been worried beyond reason about something that really did not matter. I must admit that I have at times been worried beyond reason over something that really did not matter.]
38. I do not have as many fears as my friends. [I have very few fears compared to my friends.]
39. I have been afraid of things or people that I know could not hurt me.
40. I certainly feel useless at times.
41. I find it hard to keep my mind on a task or job.
42. I am more self-conscious than most people. [I am usually self-conscious.]
43. I am the kind of person who takes things hard. [I am inclined to take things hard.]
44. I am a very nervous person. [I am a high-strung person.]
45. Life is often a strain for me. [Life is a strain for me much of the time.]
46. At times I think I am no good at all.
47. I am not at all confident of myself. [I am certainly lacking in self-confidence.]
48. At times I feel that I am going to crack up. [I sometimes feel that I am about to go to pieces.]
49. I don't like to face a difficulty or make an important decision. [I shrink from facing a crisis or difficulty.]
50. I am very confident of myself. [I am entirely self-confident.]
شرح سایت روان سنجی: این مقیاس علائم اضطراب آشکار را اندازه می گیرد. اگرچه این ابزار بسیار نامی است، ولی اکنون کمتر به کار برده می شود.
Chronic anxiety or worry‚ increased physiological reactivity‚ sleep disturbances associated with inner strain‚ sense of personal inadequacy‚ and motor tension
اعتبار بازازمایی 0.89 برای یک هفته و 0.82 برای 5 ماه
چگونگی دستیابی
نمره گذاری
True‚ False
True: items 4‚ 5‚ 7‚ 8‚ 10‚ 12‚ 13‚ 15‚ 17‚ 18‚ 19‚ 20‚ 21‚ 22‚ 24‚ 26‚ 27‚ 28‚ 29‚ 31‚ 32‚ 33‚ 34‚ 35‚ 36‚ and 37
False: items 1‚ 2‚ 3‚ 6‚ 9‚ 11‚ 14‚ 16‚ 23‚ 25‚ 30‚ and 38
 
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Taylor‚ Janet‚ A‚.(1953). A Personality Scale of Manifest Anxiety. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology‚ 48(2)‚ Apr 1953‚ 285-290.
Swang‚ John I. (1974)‚ The "AAA Syndrome": Relationships Between Alienation‚ Anxiety and Aggression. University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. PhD Dissertation