Test of Singing Apprehension

Test of Singing Apprehension (TOSA)
Andersen.‚ Andersen.‚ & Garrison‚ 1978
آزمون دلهره آواز خواندن
1.    I look forward to singing along with my friends.
2.    The pitch of my voice makes me embarrassed to sing.
3.    Singing in front of others causes me to be embarrassed.
4.    I'm afraid to sing aloud with friends.
5.    I am tense and nervous while singing at group gatherings.
6.    When singing‚ my posture feels strained and nervous.
7.    I look forward to an opportunity to sing in public.
8.    I have no fear of singing in a group.
9.    I feel I sing on key more than most people do.
10.I like to get involved in group singing.
11.I always avoid singing in public if possible.
12.I look forward to singing in front of my friends.
13.When I sing in front of others‚ my throat tightens up.
14.I dislike using my voice musically.
15.I feel relaxed and comfortable while singing.
16.I am afraid to sing in a group.
17.I am fearful and tense all the while I am singing a song before a group of people.
18.I sing less because I am musically shy.
19.I have trouble staying on key while singing in a group.
20.I am able to overcome any initial nervousness as soon as I start singing.
شرح سایت روان سنجی: با تمرکز بر اضطراب سخن گفتن، این پرسش پیش امد که آیا افراد دارای دلهره ارتباطی، در آواز خواندن هم چنین اند؟ پژوهش ها رابطه معنی داری بین این دو نیافتند. به سخن دیگر، سامانه سخن گفتن و آواز خواندن متفاوتند.
اعتبار: یافت نشد.
نمره گذاری
Strongly Disagree = 1; Disagree = 2; are Neutral = 3; Agree = 4; Strongly Agree = 5
Scoring: To determine your score on the TOSA‚ complete the following steps:
Step 1. Add scores for items 2‚ 3‚ 4‚ 5‚ 6‚ 11‚ 13‚ 14‚ 16‚ 17‚ 18‚ and 19
Step 2. Add the scores for items 1‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9‚ 10‚ 12‚ 15‚ and 20
Step 3. Complete the following formula: TOSA = 72 - Total from Step 1 + Total from Step 2
Your score should be between 20 and 100. If your score is below 20 or above 100‚ you have made a mistake in computing the score.
Scores above 68 indicate a high level of singing apprehension. Scores below 37 indicate a low level of singing apprehension. The range of scores between 37 and 68 represents the "normal" range of apprehension about singing.
چگونگی دستیابی
This instrument can be found at: http://www.jamescmccroskey.com/measures/tosa.htm
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Andersen‚ P. A.‚ Andersen‚ J. F.‚ & Garrison‚ J. P. (1978). Sing apprehension and talking apprehension: The development of two constructs. Sign Language Studies‚ 19‚ 155-186.
خرداد 1396
اسفند 1395
آبان 1395
فروردین 1394
خرداد 1393
فروردین 1393
اسفند 1392
بهمن 1392
دی 1390
آذر 1390
تیر 1390
خرداد 1390
اردیبهشت 1390
بهمن 1389
دی 1389
اردیبهشت 1389
دی 1388
آبان 1388
شهریور 1388
مرداد 1388
تیر 1388
خرداد 1388
سپاس بیکران به حضور دکترحیدر علی هومن روان سنجی که دارای دانش عظیم است .
کلیه حقوق به آرین آرانی متعلق است.