Meta-Emotion Interview

Meta-Emotion Interview (MEI)
Gottman Core Assessment Questionnaires: Meta-Emotion Interview (MEI)
John M. Gottman and Julie Schwartz Gottman‚ 1999‚ 200-2004
مصاحبه فرا هیجان
1.    I try not to think much about my own emotional states.
2.    I believe that people should just roll with the punches and get on with life.
3.    There’s not much point in dwelling on your inner feelings.
4.    I generally view being emotional as being out of control.
5.    People ought to be more rational and less emotional.
6.    I think expressing emotion is okay only if it’s in control.
7.    Anger is a very dangerous emotion.
8.    People often act emotional just to get what they want.
9.    If you ignore negative emotions‚ they tend to go away and take care of themselves.
10.It is best to just “ride out” negative emotions and not dwell on them.
11.I don’t mind other people’s negative moods as long as they don’t last too long.
12.I try to get over sadness quickly so I can move on to better things.
13.I set some definite limits on other people’s staying in a negative emotional state.
14.I tend to get impatient with people’s sadness.
15.I believe in not paying attention to people if they aren’t positive or cheerful.
16.People can’t be very rational if they are being emotional.
17.I really don’t want to experience negative emotions.
18.It isn’t important to dwell on why you are feeling the way you feel.
19.When people get sad they are just feeling sorry for themselves.
20.I think if you want to you can make yourself feel positively about almost anything.
21.I am not sure anything can be done when someone is feeling down.
22.I just don’t think people should ever show their anger.
23.It is unnecessary to look deeply at the causes of one’s emotions.
24.I just try not to make a big deal out of my own emotions.
25.There is very little to be gained by dwelling on why one is feeling a certain way.
26.People can definitely not tell what I am feeling.
27.Anger is always a very toxic emotion.
28.Feelings are private and I try not to express them outwardly.
29.There’s not much difference between anger and aggression.
30.Expressions of affection are usually embarrassing for me.
31.I try to avoid people when they are sad.
32.Generally‚ I am fairly neutral and don’t experience very much emotion.
33.Sadness is a form of weakness.
34.Feelings are best kept to one’s self.
35.Ideally‚ it is better to stay in control‚ upbeat‚ and positive.
36.If people are emotional they may lose control.
37.To get over a negative emotion‚ just get on with life and don’t dwell on things.
38.I don’t feel comfortable with outward displays of love.
39.People ought to know when you love them without your ha‎ving to say so.
40.Dwelling on your fears just is an excuse for not getting things done.
41.In general it’s better not to express your sad feelings.
42.I’m not sure that there’s much that can be done to change strong negative feelings.
43.Trying to problem solve with an emotional person is a waste of time.
44.When my partner is angry it means there is something wrong with our relationship.
45.Just the passage of time solves most things.
شرح سایت روان سنجی:  در سال 1985 "کاتز و گاتمن" مصاحبه ها درباره این که: مردم درباره تاریخچه، آموزه ها، فلسفه   درباره برخی هیجان ها – مانند خشم، اندوه، ترس، عشق، غرور- و همچنین درباره آگاهی آنها از هیجان های فرزندانشان پی گرفتند.
مفهوم فرا هیجان توسط "گاتمن، کاتز و هوون، 1997" پایه گذاری شد و مراد از آن مجموعه ساختار و سازمان و شناخت درباره هیجان خود و دیگران است. این مفهوم برای توصیف واکنش والدین به هیجان فرزندان به کار گرفته شد.
این ابزار بخشی از "بسته سنجشی" گاتمن است.
شواهد روان سنجی این ابزار یافت نشد.
نمره گذاری
Strongly Disagree‚ Disagree‚ Neither‚ Agree‚ Strongly Agree
چگونگی دستیابی
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Gottman‚ J. M.‚ Katz‚ L. F.‚ & Hooven‚ C. (1996). Parental Meta-Emotion Philosophy and the Emotional Lifeof Families: Theoretical Models and Preliminary Data.  Journal of Family Psychology ‚10(3)‚ 243-268
Gottman‚ J. M.‚ Katz‚ L. F.‚ & Hooven‚ C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Hillsdale‚ NJ‚ England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates‚ Inc.
Gottman‚ J.M.‚ L.F. Katz‚ & C. Hooven‚ 1997: Meta-emotion: How Families Communicate Emotionally‚ Mahwah‚ NJ: Erlbaum.
Gottman‚ J. M. (1999). The marriage clinic: A scientifically based marital therapy. New York‚ NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
Hakim-Larson‚ J.‚ Parker‚ A.‚ Lee‚ C.‚ Goodwin‚ J.‚ & Voelker‚ S. (2006). Measuring parental meta-emotion: Psychometric properties of the emotion-related parenting styles self-test. Early Education and Development‚ 17(2)‚ 229-251.
Katz‚ L. F.‚ & Hunter‚ E. C. (2007). Maternal meta-emotion philosophy and adolescent depressive symptomatology. Social Development‚ 16(2)‚ 343-360.
Lagacé-Séguin‚ D.‚ & Gionet‚ A. (2009). Parent meta-emotion and temperament predict coping skills in early adolescence. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth‚ 14‚ 367-382.
Navarra‚ Robert J.‚ Gottman‚ John M. & Gottman‚ Julie Schwartz. Sound Relationship House Theory and Relationship and Marriage Education:at: James J. Ponzetti‚ Jr.(2016). Evidence-based Approaches to Relationship and Marriage Education. Routledge; 93-107
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