Sport Anxiety Scale

Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS)
Smith et al.‚ 2006
مقیاس اضطراب ورزش
نسخه 21 گویه ای
1.    I feel nervous
2.    During competition‚ I find myself thinking about unrelated things
3.    I have self-doubts   
4.    My body feels tense 
5.    I am concerned that I may not do as well in competition as I could     
6.    My mind wanders during sport competition
7.    While performing‚ I often do not pay attention to what’s going on       
8.    I feel tense in my stomach 
9.    Thoughts of doing poorly interfere with my concentration during
10.I’m concerned about choking under pressure      
11.My heart races        
12.I feel my stomach sinking   
13.I’m concerned about performing poorly    
14.I have lapses of concentration during competition because of nervousness     
15.I sometimes find myself trembling before or during a competitive event         
16.I’m worried about reaching my goal         
17.My body feels tight  
18.I’m concerned that others will be disappointed in my performance       
19.My stomach gets upset before or during a competitive event    
20.I’m concerned I won’t be able to concentrate     
21.My heart pounds before competition
1=Not At All‚ 2=Somewhat‚ 3=Moderately So‚ 4=Very Much So
Worry items: 3‚ 5‚ 9‚ 10‚ 13‚ 16‚ and 18.
Concentration Disruption items: 2‚ 6‚ 7‚ 14‚ and 20.
Somatic Trait Anxiety items: 1‚ 4‚ 8‚ 11‚ 12‚ 15‚ 17‚ 19‚ 21.
نسخه 15 گویه ای
Before or while I compete in sports:
1.    It is hard to concentrate on the game.
2.    My body feels tense.
3.    I worry that I will not play well.
4.    It is hard for me to focus on what I am supposed to do.
5.    I worry that I will let others down.
Before or while I compete in sports:
6.    I feel tense in my stomach.
7.    I lose focus on the game.
8.    I worry that I will not play my best.
9.    I worry that I will play badly.
10.My muscles feel shaky.
Before or while I compete in sports:
11.I worry that I will mess up during the game.
12.My stomach feels upset.
13.I cannot think clearly during the game.
14.My muscles feel tight because I am nervous.
15.I have a hard time focusing on what my coach tells me to do.
1= Not At All‚ 2= A Little Bit‚ 3= Pretty Much‚ 4= Very Much
Somatic: Items 2‚ 6‚ 10‚ 12‚ 14; Worry: Items 3‚ 5‚ 8‚ 9‚ 11; Concentration Disruption: Items 1‚ 4‚ 7‚ 13‚ and 15.
شرح سایت روان سنجی: این مقیاس حالت اضطرابی را که ورزشکاران قبل یا در حین رقابت تجربه می کنند، می سنجد.
در ایران؛ "علی مقدم زاده و همکاران، 1395" روایی و اعتبار این مقیاس را نزد کودکان و نوجوانان ورزشکار مورد مطالعه قرار داده اند.
اعتبار: هماهنگی درونی، آلفا کرونباخ در نسخه 2006 برای اضطراب تنی 0.84؛ نگرانی 0.89؛ اختلال تمرکز 0.84 و برای کل 15 ماده 0.91
بازآزمایی در یک نمونه 21 عضوی ، اضطراب تنی 0.76، نگرانی 0.90، اختلال تمرکز 0.85 و برای کل 0.87
چگونگی دستیابی
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Smith‚ Ronald E.‚ Smoll‚ Frank L. & Schutz‚ Robert W. (1990). Measurement and correlates of sport-specific cognitive and somatic trait anxiety: The sport anxiety scale. Anxiety Research‚ 2(4)‚ 263-280.
Smith‚ R.E.‚ Smoll‚ F.E.‚ & Schutz‚ R.W. (1990). Measurement and correlates of sport-specific cognitive and somatic trait anxiety: The sport anxiety scale. Anxiety Research‚ 2(4)‚ 263-280.
Smith‚ R.E.‚ Smoll‚ F.L.‚ Cumming‚ S.P.‚ & Grossbard‚ J.R. (2006). Measurement of multidimensional sport performance anxiety in children and adults: The Sport Anxiety Scale-2. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology‚ 28‚ 479-501.
Smith‚ R.E.‚ Smoll‚ F.L.‚ Cumming‚ S.P.‚ (2007). Effects of a Motivational Climate Intervention for Coaches on Young Athletes’ Sport Performance Anxiety. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology‚ 29‚ 39-59
مقدم زاده، علی .، حمایت طلب، رسول.، مهرصفر، امیرحسین. (1395). بررسی روایی و پایایی مقیاس اضطراب ورزشی-2 در کودکان و نوجوانان ورزشکار. فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی روانشناسی سلامت، 20، 5-24.