Parental Stressor Scale: Pediatric Intensive care Unit

Parental Stressor Scale: Pediatric Intensive care Unit (PSS: PICU)
Carter & Miles‚ 1984
مقیاس استرس زاهای والدین کودکان بیمار
Below is a list of items that might describe your Child’s Appearance
1.    Puffiness of my child
1.    2.Color changes in my child (Pale‚ blue or yellow)
2.    Child appearing Cold
Below is a list of Sights and Sounds in an intensive care unit.
1.    Seeing the heart on the monitors
2.    The sound of monitors and equipment
3.    The other sick children in the room
4.    The sudden sounds of monitor alarms
Below is a list of Procedures that may have been done to your child.
1.    Tubes in my child
2.    Suctioning
3.    Putting needles in my child for fluids‚ procedures or tests
4.    Making my child cough and deep breath/pounding and clapping on my child’s chest
5.    Injections/ shots
6.    Bruises‚ cuts‚ incisions on my child
Below is a list of items that relate to how Professional staff (doctors and nurses) may Communicate with you about your child’s illness.
1.    Explaining things too fast
2.    Using words I don’t understand
3.    Telling me different (conflicting) things about my child’s condition
4.    Not telling me what is definitely wrong with my child
5.    Not talking to me enough
Below is a list of Behaviors and emotional responses that your child may have exhibited while in the intensive care unit.
1.    Confusion
2.    Rebellious or uncooperative behavior
3.    Crying or whining
4.    Demanding
5.    Acting or looking as if in pain
6.    Restlessness
7.    Inability to talk or cry
8.    Fright
9.    Anger
10.Sadness or Depression
Below is a list of Behaviors of the professional staff (doctors and nurses) that you may have observed.
1.    Joking‚ laughing‚ or talking loudly
2.    Not talking to me enough
3.    Too many different people (doctors‚ nurses‚ staff) talking to me
4.    Not telling me names or who they are
These items related to Parental Roles
1.    Not taking care of my child my self
2.    Not being able to visit my child when I wanted
3.    Not being able to be with my crying child
4.    Not being able to hold my child
5.    Using the same rating scale‚ how stressful‚ in general‚ has the total intensive care unit experience been for you?
شرح سایت روان سنجی: این مقیاس برای اندازه گیری استرس والدین دارای کودک بیمار بستری در هفت زمینه: ظاهر کودک، رفتار و احساس های کودک، تغییر نقش والدین، مناظر و صداهای محیط، روش ها، ارتباط کارکنان و رفتارهای کارکنان است.
اعتبار: هماهنگی درونی، آلفا کرونباخ ار 0.72 تا 0.99 برای زمینه ها و برای کل 0.95 و بازآزمایی 0.73-0.92
نمره گذاری:
0 = Not experienced‚ 1 = Not stressful‚ 2 = Minimally stressful‚ 3 = Moderately stressful‚ 4 = Very stressful‚ 5 = Extremely stressful
چگونگی دستیابی
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Carter‚ M. C.‚ & Miles‚ M. S. (1982). Parental stressor scale: Pediatric ICU (Abstract). Nursing Research‚ 31(121).
Carter‚ M. C.‚ & Miles‚ M. S. (1983). Parental Stressor Scale: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.
Carter‚ M. C.‚ & Miles‚ M. S. (1989). The Parental Stressor Scale: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Maternal Child Nursing Journal‚ 18(3)‚ 187-198.
Huckabay‚ L. M.‚ & Tilem-Kessler‚ D. (1999). Patterns of parental stress in PICU emergency admission. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing‚ 18(2)‚ 36-42.
Saied‚ Hala. (2006). Stress‚ Coping‚ Social Support and Adjustment among Families Of CHD Children in PICU after Heart Surgery. Case Western Reserve University. Doctoral Dissertation.
خرداد 1396
اسفند 1395
آبان 1395
فروردین 1394
خرداد 1393
فروردین 1393
اسفند 1392
بهمن 1392
دی 1390
آذر 1390
تیر 1390
خرداد 1390
اردیبهشت 1390
بهمن 1389
دی 1389
اردیبهشت 1389
دی 1388
آبان 1388
شهریور 1388
مرداد 1388
تیر 1388
خرداد 1388
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