Modified Aggression Scale

Modified Aggression Scale

Orpinas‚ 1993

Modified by Bosworth &Espelage‚ 1995

مقیاس پرخاشگری اصلاح شده


1. I hit back when someone hit me first.

2. I encouraged other students to fight.

3. I pushed‚ shoved‚ slapped‚ or kicked other students.

4. I got into a physical fight because I was angry.

5. I walked away from a fight.


6. I teased other students.

7. I said things about other students to make other students laugh (made fun of them).

8. I called other students names.

9. I threatened to hit or hurt another student.


10. I frequently get angry.

11. I was angry most of the day.

12. I got into a physical fight because I was angry.

13. I was mean to someone when I was angry.

14. I took my anger out on an innocent person.

Caring/Cooperative Behavior

15. I helped someone stay out of a fight.

16. I told other students how I felt when they did something I liked.

17. I cooperated with others.

18. I told other students how I felt when they upset me.

19. I protected someone from a “bully.”

20. I gave someone a compliment.

21. I helped other students solve a problem.

22. I avoided getting in trouble at home‚ school‚ or in the community.

(Items 5‚ 10‚ 13‚ 14‚ 15‚ 19‚ 20 and 22 were added by Bosworth & Espelage‚ 1995. Item 6 was modified.)


This scale is composed of four subscales: fighting‚ bullying‚ anger‚ cooperative/caring behavior. It is a modified version of the Aggression Scale . Respondents are presented with a series of behaviors‚ and are asked to mark with a circle the number of times they did that behavior during the last 30 days.

کلید واژه

This tool touches on the following keywords:

·         Violence and Bullying

·         Personal Attitudes and Beliefs

·         Peer Relationships

·         Delinquency and Antisocial Behavior

نشانی دسترسی

This instrument can be found on pages 169-170 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at:

رده سنی

Middle school age youth (has been used with grades 6–8 in previous research).

اجرا و نمره گذاری

Pencil and paper self-report. Point values are assigned as follows:

·         No opportunity = 1

·         Never = 1

·         1 or 2 times = 2

·         3 or 4 times = 3

·         5 or more times = 4

The Fighting subscale is calculated by reverse coding Item 5 and summing across all five items. A total of 20 points is possible and a high score indicates more aggression or fighting. The other three subscales are calculated similarly‚ by summing across all responses. The Bullying subscale has a total of 16 points; the Anger subscale has a total of 20 points; and the Caring/Cooperative Behavior subscale has a total of 32 points. High scores indicate more bullying behavior‚ more anger‚ and more caring/cooperative behavior.


Orpinas‚ P. (1993). Skills training and social influences for violence prevention in middle schools. a curriculum evaluation. Doctoral Dissertation. Houston‚ TX: University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston‚ School of Public Health.

Bosworth K‚ Espelage D. Teen Conflict Survey. Bloomington‚ IN: Center for Adolescent Studies‚ Indiana University‚ 1995.

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