Army Safety Attitudes Scale

Army Safety Attitudes Scale (Army- SA)
David R. Hunter‚ John E. Stewart‚ 2009
مقیاس نگرش به ایمنی در هوانوردی ارتشی
  1. A successful flight is solely due to good planning and good ex‎ecution.
  2. Aviation weather forecasts are usually accurate.
  3. Aviators should have more control over how they fly.
  4. Careful route planning and attention to navigation determines whether or not I will get lost.
  5. Even when I know that my chances are limited I try my Luck.
  6. I always feel I have complete control over the aircraft.
  7. I always worry about an accident when I'm flying.
  8. I am a very capable pilot.
  9. I am a very careful pilot.
  10. I am a very cautious pilot.
  11. I am capable of instrument flight.
  12. I am so careful that I will never have an accident.
  13. I am very skillful on controls.
  14. I deal with stress very well.
  15. I do not have much sympathy for adventurous decisions
  16. I do not like to put something at stake; I would rather be on the safe side.
  17. I express my opinion even if most people have opposite views.
  18. I feel comfortable flying at night.
  19. I feel like yelling at people who don't clear the runway fast enough when I'm on final approach.
  20. I feel uncomfortable flying VFR when the visibility is very low.
  21. I feel very vulnerable to accidents.
  22. I figure nothing can happen to me in an aircraft that I cannot handle.
  23. I find it easy to understand the weather information I get before flights.
  24. I fly enough to maintain my proficiency.
  25. I follow the motto‚ “Nothing ventured‚ nothing gained.”
  26. I have a thorough knowledge of my aircraft.
  27. I know aviation procedures very well.
  28. I know how to get help from ATC if I get into trouble.
  29. I like making turns steeper than 60 degrees‚ just to see if I can do it.
  30. I like to see how close I can cut things.
  31. I might dip into my fuel reserve to avoid a fuel stop and save time.
  32. I never feel stressed when flying.
  33. I often feel stressed when flying in or near weather.
  34. I really hate being delayed when I fly on a trip.
  35. I really worry about ha‎ving to make an emergency landing.
  36. I really worry about mid-air collisions.
  37. I really worry about running out of fuel.
  38. I tend to imagine the unfavorable outcomes of my actions.
  39. I will follow the regulations even if they inconvenience me‚ because it's the right thing to do.
  40. I would duck below minimums to get home.
  41. I would like to act in my boss’s job some time so as to demonstrate my competence‚ despite the risk of making mistakes.
  42. I’m quite cautions when I make plans and when I act on them
  43. If a task seems interesting‚ I will choose to do it even if I am not sure whether I will manage it.
  44. If I could cut off a lot of time on a cross country flight by taking a short cut through a restricted area‚ I'd do it.
  45. If I fly VFR on top‚ I feel sure I can find a hole in the clouds to come back down through.
  46. If I hear other pilots discussing a maneuver that can be done on my aircraft‚ I'll try it out.
  47. If I want to fly somewhere‚ I want to do it now.
  48. If the weather is marginal‚ I don't mind waiting at the airport until it clears up.
  49. If you don't push yourself and the aircraft a little‚ you'll never know what you could do.
  50. I'm basically an impatient pilot.
  51. In a congested area‚ I figure that if I keep the correct altitude and heading I'll get through safely.
  52. In a tight situation‚ I believe in doing anything rather that doing nothing.
  53. In an uncontrolled area with lots of traffic‚ I worry about the possibility of a mid-air collision.
  54. In flying it's better to be safe than sorry.
  55. In my work I only set small goals so that I can achieve them without difficulty.
  56. It is riskier to fly at night than during the day.
  57. It is very unlikely that an Aviator of my ability would have an accident.
  58. My decisions are always made carefully and accurately.
  59. Sometimes I feel like the aircraft has a mind of its own.
  60. Sometimes I feel that I have very little control over what happens to the aircraft.
  61. Speed is more important than accuracy during an emergency.
  62. The rules and regulations controlling flying are much too strict.
  63. The thoroughness of my preflight mostly determines the likelihood of my ha‎ving mechanical trouble with the aircraft.
  64. There are few situations I couldn't get out of.
  65. Usually‚ your first response is the best response.
  66. When I fly a well-maintained aircraft‚ I feel sure that nothing will really go wrong with it.
  67. When I'm in a tough spot‚ I figure if I make it‚ I make it‚ and if I don't‚ I don't.
  68. While flying at night‚ I worry about not seeing navigation landmarks and getting lost.
  69. You should decide quickly and then make adjustments later.
  70. Getting the mission accomplished always outranks safety.
  71. Cutting a few corners on safety to get the job done is OK.
  72. My first duty is to get the mission accomplished‚ even if I have to bend the rules a bit.
  73. Being too worried about safety is the mark of a poor pilot.
  74. I prefer not to file and fly on instruments.
  75. Whenever possible‚ I avoid instrument flight
  76. To get the job done‚ you have to bend the rules occasionally
  77. I think you can plan too much for a flight
  78. When things start to go bad‚ it is best to simply stick to your original plan.
  79. Commanders don't really understand what it takes to get the mission done
  80. Showing off a little in the aircraft is just part of being a great pilot
  81. The pilot should not question what he is told by the pilot in command.
  82. The crew in the back of the aircraft should not bother the pilots with suggestions or comments.
  83. Flying low-level is really not as dangerous as pilots are told.
Component 1 Impulsivity‚ Alpha = .8687‚
  1. I follow the motto‚ “Nothing ventured‚ nothing gained”
  2. I like making turns steeper than 60 degrees‚ just to see if I can do it
  3. I like to see how close I can cut things
  4. I might dip into my fuel reserve to avoid a fuel stop and save time
  5. I would duck below minimums to get home
  6. If I hear other pilots discussing a maneuver that can be done on my aircraft‚ I'll try it out
  7. If I want to fly somewhere‚ I want to do it now
  8. Even when I know that my chances are limited I try my luck
  9. I'm basically an impatient pilot
  10. When I'm in a tough spot‚ I figure if I make it‚ I make it‚ and if I don't‚ I don't
  11. Cutting a few corners on safety to get the job done is OK
  12. My first duty is to get the mission accomplished‚ even if I have to bend the rules a bit
  13. Being too worried about safety is the mark of a poor pilot
  14. To get the job done‚ you have to bend the rules occasionally
  15. Showing off a little in the aircraft is just part of being a great pilot
Component 2 Anxiety‚ Alpha = .8270
  1. I feel uncomfortable flying VFR when the visibility is very low
  2. I feel very vulnerable to accidents
  3. I never feel stressed when flying
  4. I really worry about ha‎ving to make an emergency landing
  5. I really worry about mid-air collisions
  6. I really worry about running out of fuel
  7. I tend to imagine the unfavorable outcomes of my actions
  8. In an uncontrolled area with lots of traffic‚ I worry about the possibility of a mid-air collision
  9. While flying at night‚ I worry about not seeing navigation landmarks and getting lost
  10. I always worry about an accident when I'm flying
Component 3 Self-Confidence‚ Alpha = .7325
  1. I deal with stress very well
  2. I feel comfortable flying at night
  3. I fly enough to maintain my proficiency
  4. I have a thorough knowledge of my aircraft
  5. I know aviation procedures very well
  6. I know how to get help from ATC if I get into trouble
  7. In my work I only set small goals so that I can achieve them without difficulty
  8. It is riskier to fly at night than during the day
  9. Sometimes I feel like the aircraft has a mind of its own
  10. Sometimes I feel that I have very little control over what happens to the aircraft
Component 4 Safety Orientation‚ Alpha = .7578
  1. I am a very cautious pilot
  2. I am very skillful on controls
  3. I express my opinion even if most people have opposite views
  4. I’m quite cautions when I make plans and when I act on them
  5. If the weather is marginal‚ I don't mind waiting at the airport until it clears up
  6. In flying it's better to be safe than sorry
  7. My decisions are always made carefully and accurately
  8. I always feel I have complete control over the aircraft
  9. Usually‚ your first response is the best response
  10. I am a very capable pilot
  11. I am a very careful pilot
Component 5 Denial‚ Alpha = .6560
  1. A successful flight is solely due to good planning and good ex‎ecution
  2. I am so careful that I will never have an accident
  3. Aviation weather forecasts are usually accurate
  4. I figure nothing can happen to me in an aircraft that I cannot handle
  5. I find it easy to understand the weather information I get before flights
  6. Careful route planning and attention to navigation determines whether or not I will get lost
  7. In a congested area‚ I figure that if I keep the correct altitude and heading I'll get through safely
  8. It is very unlikely that an Aviator of my ability would have an accident
  9. The thoroughness of my preflight mostly determines the likelihood of my ha‎ving mechanical trouble with the aircraft
  10. When I fly a well-maintained aircraft‚ I feel sure that nothing will really go wrong with it
  11. When things start to go bad‚ it is best to simply stick to your original plan
  12. The pilot should not question what he is told by the pilot in command
Component 6 Weather Anxiety‚ Alpha = .6968
  1. I am capable of instrument flight
  2. I often feel stressed when flying in or near weather
  3. Speed is more important than accuracy during an emergency
  4. You should decide quickly and then make adjustments later
  5. I prefer not to file and fly on instruments
  6. Whenever possible‚ I avoid instrument flight
  7. The crew in the back of the aircraft should not bother the pilots with suggestions or comments
شرح سایت روان سنجی: این مقیاس یکی از چهار مقیاس برای مطالعه خلبانان ارتشی است.
(1) Army Hazardous Events Scale. (2) Army Locus of Control Scale‚ (3) Army Safety Attitudes Scale‚ and (4) Army Aviation Scenarios
این مقیاس باورهای خلبانان را درباره مسائل ایمنی هوانوردی را اندازه گیری می کند. شش مولفه : تکانشگری، اضطراب، اعتماد به نفس، رویکرد ایمنی، انکار و اضطراب هوای ناآرام دارد.
Impulsivity‚ Anxiety‚ Self-Confidence‚ Safety Orientation‚ Denial‚ Weather Anxiety
اعتبار: برای آگاهی از ویژگی های روان سنجی به متن لینک داده شده (چگونگی دستیابی) مراجعه کنید.
Components (alpha): Impulsivity (.87)‚ Anxiety (.83)‚ Self-Confidence (.73)‚ Safety Orientation (.76)‚ Denial (.66)‚ and Weather Anxiety (.70)
نمره گذاری
a. Strongly Agree‚ b. Agree‚ c. Neither agree nor disagree‚ d. Disagree‚ e. Strongly Disagree
چگونگی دستیابی
This instrument can be found at: www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA509824
منبع و ماخذ
David R. Hunter‚ John E. Stewart‚ 2009. Locus of Control‚ Risk Orientation‚ and Decision Making Among U.S. Army Aviators. United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.
Hunter‚ D.R. (2006). Risk perception among general aviation pilots. International Journal of Aviation Psychology‚ 16‚ 135-144.
Hunter‚ D.R. (2004). Measurement of hazardous attitudes among pilots. International Journal of Aviation Psychology‚ 15‚ 23-43.
Hunter‚ D. R. (2002). Risk perception and risk tolerance in aircraft pilots (Report DOT/FAA/AM–02/17). Washington‚ DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
Hunter‚ D. R. (2002). Development of an aviation safety locus of control scale. Aviation‚ Space‚ and Environmental Medicine‚ 73‚ 1184-1188.
Hunter‚ D.R. (1995). Airman research questionnaire: Methodology and overall results. DOT/FAA/AM-95/27. Washington‚ DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
   
خرداد 1396
اسفند 1395
آبان 1395
فروردین 1394
خرداد 1393
فروردین 1393
اسفند 1392
بهمن 1392
دی 1390
آذر 1390
تیر 1390
خرداد 1390
اردیبهشت 1390
بهمن 1389
دی 1389
اردیبهشت 1389
دی 1388
آبان 1388
شهریور 1388
مرداد 1388
تیر 1388
خرداد 1388
   
سپاس بیکران به حضور دکترحیدر علی هومن روان سنجی که دارای دانش عظیم است .
   
کلیه حقوق به آرین آرانی متعلق است.