Hamilton Depression Rating Scale -HAMD-17

Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17)
Hamilton M (1960‚ 1966‚ 1967‚ 1969 and 1980)
مقیاس درجه بندی افسردگی هامیلتون
نسخه 17 گویه ای
1-     Depressed Mood (sadness‚ hopeless‚ helpless‚ worthless)
0.    Absent
1.    These feeling states indicated only on questioning
2.    These feeling states spontaneously reported verbally
3.    Communicates feeling states non-verbally – i.e.‚ through facial expression‚ posture‚ voice‚ and tendency to weep
4.    Patient reports VIRTUALLY ONLY these feeling states in his spontaneous verbal and non-verbal communication
2-    Feelings of Guilt
0.    Absent.
1.    Self reproach‚ feels he has let people down
2.    Ideas of guilt or rumination over past errors or sinful deeds
3.    Present illness is a punishment. Delusions of guilt
4.    Hears accusatory or denunciatory voices and/or experiences threatening visual hallucinations
3-    Suicide
0.    Absent
1.    Feels life is not worth living
2.    Wishes he were dead or any thoughts of possible death to self
3.    Suicidal ideas or gesture
4.    Attempts at suicide (any serious attempt rates 4)
 4-    Insomnia Early
0.    No difficulty falling asleep
1.    Complains of occasional difficulty falling asleep – i.e.‚ more than 1/2 hour
2.    Complains of nightly difficulty falling asleep
 5-    Insomnia Middle
0.    No difficulty
1.    Patient complains of being restless and disturbed during the night
2.    Waking during the night – any getting out of bed rates 2 (except for purposes of voiding)
6-    Insomnia Late
0.    No difficulty
1.    Waking in early hours of the morning but goes back to sleep
2.    Unable to fall asleep again if he gets out of bed
7-    Work and Activities
0.    No difficulty
1.    Thoughts and feelings of incapacity‚ fatigue or weakness related to activities‚ work or hobbies
2.    Loss of interest in activity‚ hobbies or work – either directly reported by patient‚ or indirect in listlessness‚ indecision and vacillation (feels he has to push self to work oractivities)
3.    Decrease in actual time spent in activities or decrease in productivity
4.     Stopped working because of present illness
8-    Retardation: Psychomotor (slowness of thought and speech; impaired ability to concentrate; decreased motor activity)
0.    Normal speech and thought
1.    Slight retardation at interview
2.    Obvious retardation at interview
3.    Interview difficult
4.    Complete stupor
9-    Agitation
0.    None
1.    Fidgetiness
2.    Playing with hands‚ hair‚ etc.
3.    Moving about‚ can’t sit still.
4.    Hand wringing‚ nail biting‚ hair-pulling‚ biting of lips.
 10-Anxiety (psychological)
0.    No difficulty
1.    Subjective tension and irritability
2.    Worrying about minor matters
3.    Apprehensive attitude apparent in face or speech
4.    Fears expressed without questioning
11-Anxiety Somatic: Physiological concomitants of anxiety (i.e.‚ effects of autonomic over activity‚“butterflies‚” indigestion‚ stomach cramps‚ belching‚ diarrhea‚ palpitations‚ hyperventilation‚paresthesia‚ sweating‚ flushing‚ tremor‚ headache‚ urinary frequency). Avoid asking about possible medication side effects (i.e.‚ dry mouth‚ constipation)
0.    Absent
1.    Mild
2.    Moderate
3.    Severe
4.    Incapacitating
12-Somatic Symptoms (gastrointestinal)
0.    None.
1.    Loss of appetite but eating without encouragement from others. Food intake about normal
2.    Difficulty eating without urging from others. Marked reduction of appetite and food intake.
13-Somatic Symptoms General
0.    None
1.    Heaviness in limbs‚ back or head. Backaches‚ headache or muscle aches. Loss of energy and fatigability.
2.    Any clear-cut symptom rates “2”
14-Genital Symptoms (symptoms such as loss of libido; impaired sexual performance; menstrual disturbances)
0.    Absent
1.    Mild
2.    Severe
0.    Not present
1.    Self-absorption (bodily)
2.    Preoccupation with health
3.    Frequent complaints‚ requests for help‚ etc.
4.    Hypochondriacal delusions
16- Loss of Weight
0.    No weight loss
1.    Probable weight loss associated with present illness
2.    Definite (according to patient) weight loss
3.    Not assessed
17- Insight
0.    Acknowledges being depressed and ill
1.    Acknowledges illness but attributes cause to bad food‚ climate‚ overwork‚ virus‚ need for rest‚ etc.
2.    Denies being ill at all
چهار ماده ای که کنار گذاشته شده است.
18- Diurnal variation
0. None
1. Mild
2. Severe
19- Depersonalization and Derealization (such as: feeling of unreality; Nihilistic ideas)
0. Absent
1. Mild
2. Moderate
3. Severe
4. Incapacitating
20- Paranoid symptoms
0.    None
1.    Suspicious
2.    Ideas of reference
3.    Delusions of reference
21- Obsessional and Compulsive symptoms
0. Absent
1. Mild
2. Severe
نسخه 24 ماده ای از افزودن ماده های زیر به نسخه 17 ماده ای پدید امده است.
18- Weight Gain
0.    No weight gain.
1.    Probable weight gain due to current depression.
2.    Definite (according to patient) weight gain due to depression.
19- Social Withdrawal
0.    Interacts with other people as usual.
1.    Less interested in socializing with others but continues to do so.
2.    Interacting less with other people in social (optional) situations.
3.    Interacting less with other people in work or family situations (i.e. where this is necessary).
4.    Marked withdrawal from others in family or work situations.
20- Appetite Increase
0.    No increase in appetite.
1.    Wants to eat a little more than usual.
2.    Wants to eat somewhat more than normal.
3.    Wants to eat much more than usual.
21- Increased Eating
0.    Is not eating more than usual.
1.    Is eating a little more than usual.
2.    Is eating somewhat more than usual.
3.    Is eating much more than normal.
22- Carbohydrate Craving
0.    No change in food preference or consumption.
1.    Craving or eating more carbohydrates (starches or sugars) than before.
2.    Craving or eating much more carbohydrates than before.
3.    Irresistible craving or eating of sweets or starches.
23- Hypersomnia
0.    No increase in sleep length.
1.    At least 1 hour increase in sleep length.
2.    2+ hour increase.
3.    3+ hour increase.
4.    4+ hour increase.
24- Fatigability
0.    Does not feel more fatigued than usual.
1.    Feels more fatigued than usual but this has not impaired function significantly; less frequent than in (2).
2.    More fatigued than usual; at least one hour a day; at least three days a week.
3.    Fatigued much of the time most days.
4.    Fatigued almost all the time.
شرح سایت روان سنجی: "هامیلتون " این مقیاس را با 21 ماده ارائه کرد ولی چهار ماده را جدا کرد. نسخه 17 ماده ای استاندارد سازی شده و در کار بالینی و پژوهشی به کار برده می شود.
هم اکنون نسخه هایی 7 تا 29 ماده نیز از این ابزار وجود دارد.
در سال 1988، "ژانت ویلیامز" پایایی میان ارزیابان، ساختار راهنمای مصاحبه و استاندارد سازی آن را پی گرفت.
صدها گزارش از این مطالعه و کاربرد این ابزار وجود دارد. پایایی میان ارزیابان برای این ابزار از 0.48 تا 0.92 گزارش شده است. "راش وو همکاران، 2003" هماهنگی درونی آن را 0.88 ذکر کرده اند. اعتبار بازآزمایی آن بیش از 0.81 گزارش شده است.
چگونگی دستیابی
This instrument can be found at: http://www.springer.com/978-1-58829-966-6
نمره گذاری
It is accepted by most clinicians that scores between 0 and 6 do not indicate the presence of depression‚ scores between 7 and 17 indicate mild depression‚ scores between 18 and 24 indicate moderate depression‚ and scores over 24 indicate severe depression.
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Hamilton M: A rating scale for depression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1960;23:56–62
Williams JB: A structured interview guide for the Hamilton depression rating scale. Arch GenPsychiatry 1988; 45:742–7
Muller MJ‚ Dragicevic A: Standardized rater training for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) in psychiatric novices. J Affective Dis 2003; 77:65–9
Hamilton M: Hamilton rating scale for Depression (Ham-D)‚ in Handbook of psychiatric measures. Washington DC‚ APA‚ 2000‚ pp 526–8
Rush AJ‚ Trivedi MH‚ Ibrahim HM‚ Carmody TJ‚ Arnow B‚ Klein DN‚ Markowitz JC‚ NinanPT‚ Kornstein S‚ Manber R‚ Thase ME‚ Kocsis JH‚ Keller MB: The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS)‚ clinician rating (QIDS-C)‚ and self-report (QIDSSR):a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry‚2003; 54:573–83
Kobak KA‚ Lipsitz JD‚ Feiger A: Development of a standardized training program for the
Hamilton Depression Scale using internet-based technologies: results from a pilot study. JPsychiatric Res 2003; 37:509–15
Bagby RM‚ Ryder AG‚ Schuller DR‚ Marshall MB: The Hamilton depression rating scale: hasthe gold standard become a lead weight? Am J Psychiatry 2004; 161:2163–77
خرداد 1396
اسفند 1395
آبان 1395
فروردین 1394
خرداد 1393
فروردین 1393
اسفند 1392
بهمن 1392
دی 1390
آذر 1390
تیر 1390
خرداد 1390
اردیبهشت 1390
بهمن 1389
دی 1389
اردیبهشت 1389
دی 1388
آبان 1388
شهریور 1388
مرداد 1388
تیر 1388
خرداد 1388
هرکه بر ضرر مومن داستانی بگوید و قصدش عیب او و ریختن آبرویش باشد که از چشم مردم بیفتد ، خداوند اورا از دوستی خود به دوستی شیطان براند و شیطان هم او را نپذیرد : حضرت امام صادق (ع)
کلیه حقوق به آرین آرانی متعلق است.