Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale

Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS)
Petroczi‚ 2006
مقیاس نگرش به افزایش دهنده عملکرد
1.    Doping is necessary to be competitive.
2.    Doping is not cheating since everyone does it.
3.    Athletes often lose time due to injuries and drugs can help to make up the lost time.
4.    Only the quality of performance should matter‚ not the way athletes achieve it.
5.    Athletes in my sport are pressured to take performance-enhancing drugs.
6.    Athletes‚ who take recreational drugs‚ use them because they help them in sport situations.
7.    Athletes should not feel guilty about breaking the rules and taking performance-enhancing drugs.
8.    The risks related to doping are exaggerated.
9.    Athletes have no alternative career choices‚ but sport.
10.Recreational drugs give the motivation to train and compete at the highest level. [Recreational drugs assist in motivating athletes to train and compete at the highest level.]
11.Doping is an unavoidable part of the competitive sport.
12.Recreational drugs help to overcome boredom during training. [Recreational drugs help to overcome boredom outside of competition]
13.There is no difference between drugs‚ fiberglass poles‚ and speedy swimsuits that are all used to enhance performance. [There is no difference between drugs and the technical equipment that can be used to enhance performance (e.g. hypoxic altitude simulating environments)]
14.Media should talk less about doping.
15.The media blows the doping issue out of proportion.
16.Health problems related to rigorous training and injuries are just as bad as from doping. [Health problems related to rigorous training and injuries are just as bad doping side effects.]
17.Legalizing performance enhancements would be beneficial for sports.
شرح سایت روان سنجی: این مقیاس نگرش ورزشکاران را درباره مواد نیروزا (دوپینگ) می سنجد.
در ایران؛ سحر سلطان آبادی ، فرشاد تورجی و جاسم منوچهری (1391و 2013و 2014) روایی و اعتیار نسخه ایرانی آن را مورد مطالعه قرار داده اند.
اعتبار: هماهنگی درونی، آلفا کرونباخ
Estimates of the PEAS' internal consistency (ranged between .71 and .91 across various samples) (Petroczi‚ 2009)
نمره گذاری:
1= Strongly disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Slightly disagree‚ 4= Slightly agree‚ 5= Agree‚ 6=Strongly agree
چگونگی دستیابی
منبع برای آگاهی بیشتر
Petroczi‚ A. (2006). Measuring attitude toward doping: Further evidence for the psychometric properties of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale. 14th Congress of the European Association for Sport Management. Nicosia‚ Cyprus. September 2006.
Petróczi‚ Andrea.‚ Aidman‚ Eugene. (2009). Measuring explicit attitude toward doping: Review of the psychometric properties of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale. Psychology of Sport and Exercise‚ 10(3)‚ 390–396.
Petróczi‚ Andrea. (2007). Attitudes and doping: a structural equation analysis of the relationship between athletes' attitudes‚ sport orientation and doping behavior. Substance Abuse Treatment‚ Prevention‚ and Policy‚ 2:34. DOI: 10.1186/1747-597X-2-34
Manouchehri ‚Jasem and  Tojari‚Farshad. (2013). Development and validation of instruments to measure doping attitudes and doping beliefs. European Journal of Experimental Biology‚ 3(2):183-186
Soltanabadi‚ Sahar.‚ Tojari‚ Farshad and Manouchehri ‚Jasem. (2014).  Validity and reliability of measurement instrument of Doping Attitudes and Doping behavior in Iranian professional athletes team of team sports. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences ISSN: 2231– 6345 (Online). An Open Access‚ Online International Journal Available at 2014 Vol. 4 (S4)‚ pp. 280-286
منوچهری، جاسم. (1391) . بررسی ارتباط بین گرایش ورزشی با نگرش و رفتار دوپینگ در ورزشکاران نخبه رزمی. دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، پایان نامه کارشناسی ارشد.
آذر 1402
خرداد 1396
اسفند 1395
فروردین 1394
خرداد 1393
فروردین 1393
اسفند 1392
بهمن 1392
آذر 1390
تیر 1390
خرداد 1390
اردیبهشت 1390
اردیبهشت 1390
بهمن 1389
اردیبهشت 1389
اردیبهشت 1389
آبان 1388
شهریور 1388
مرداد 1388
تیر 1388
خرداد 1388
سپاس بیکران حضور دکتر باقر ثنایی ، به خاطر تلاش هایش در حوزه سنجش خانواده و ازدواج . که درک محضرش را از دست دادم .
کلیه حقوق به آرین آرانی متعلق است.